Allergy

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Alaway
OTC
ketotifen 0.025%
(*0.035% B+L)
bid 10mL >3 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Bepreve
bepotastine besilate 1.5% bid 5/10mL >2 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Elestat
G
epinastine 0.05% bid 5mL >2 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Lastacaft
OTC
alcaftadine 0.25% qd 3mL >2 years B antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Opcon-A
OTC
naphazoline 0.25%/
pheniramine maleate 0.3%
qd-qid 15mL >6 years C antihistamine/vasoconstrictor
Optivar
G
azelastine 0.05% bid 6mL >3 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Pataday Once Daily Relief
OTC G
olopatadine 0.2%
(Extra Strength 0.7%)
qd 2.5mL >2 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Pataday Twice Daily Relief
OTC G
olopatadine 0.1% bid 5mL >2 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Zaditor
OTC
ketotifen 0.025% bid 5mL >3 years C antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer
Zerviate cetirizine 0.24% bid 5mL
30 vials/carton
>2 years NA antihistamine/mast cell stabilizer

Antibiotics

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Amoxil
PO G
amoxicillin 500mg po bid-tid x10d 250/500/875mg >3 months B penicillin
Augmentin
PO G
amoxicillin/clavulanate 250-500mg po bid-tid x10d 250/500/875mg >3 months B penicillin/β-lactamase inhibitor
Azasite azithromycin 1% bid x2d, then qd x5d 2.5mL >1 year B macrolide
Baciguent
G
bacitracin qd-tid 1/3.5g (ung) All ages C polypeptide
Besivance besifloxacin 0.6% tid 5mL >1 year C fluoroquinolone
Ciloxan
G
ciprofloxacin 0.3% qid-q15m 2.5/5/10mL (gtt)
3.5g (ung)
>1 year C fluoroquinolone
Diclocil
PO G
dicloxacillin 250mg po qid 250/500mg >3 months B penicillin
Keflex
PO G
cephalexin 1-4g/d po 250/500/750mg >1 year B cephalosporin
Moxeza moxifloxacin 0.5% bid 3mL >4 months C fluoroquinolone
Ocuflox
G
ofloxacin 0.3% q2h-qid 5/10mL >1 year C fluoroquinolone
Neosporin
G
neomycin/polymyxin b/gramicidin q4h x7-10d 10mL Not Established C aminoglycoside/polymyxin/gramicidin
Polysporin
G
bacitracin zinc/polymyxin b varies 3.5g Not Established C polypeptide/polymyxin
Polytrim
G
trimethoprim 0.1%/polymyxin b q3h 10mL >2 months C sulfonamide/polymyxcin
Vibramycin
PO G
doxycycline 100mg po bid x7d 50/100mg >8 years D tetracycline
Vigamox
G
moxifloxacin 0.5% tid 3mL Not Established C fluoroquinolone
Z-Pak
PO G
azithromycin bid po x1d, then qd po x4d 250mg x6,
250/500/600mg
>6 months B macrolide
Zymar gatifloxacin 0.3% q2h-qid 5mL >1 year C fluoroquinolone
Zymaxid
G
gatifloxacin 0.5% q2h-qid 2.5mL >1 year C fluoroquinolone

Antibiotic/Steroid Combinations

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Blephamide
G
sulfacetamide 10%/prednisolone acetate 0.2% qid 5/10ml (gtt)
3.5g (ung)
>6 years C sulfonamide/corticosteroid
Maxitrol
G
neomycin 0.35%/polymyxin b/dexamethasone 0.1% tid-qid 5mL (gtt)
3.5g (ung)
>2 years C aminoglycoside/polymyxin/corticosteroid
Tobradex
G
tobramycin 0.3%/dexamethasone 0.1% tid-qid (gtt)
tid (ung)
2.5/5/10mL (gtt)
3.5g (ung)
>2 years C aminoglycoside/corticosteroid
Tobradex ST tobramycin 0.3%/dexamethasone 0.05% q4h 2.5/5/10mL >2 years C aminoglycoside/corticosteroid
Zylet tobramycin 0.3%/loteprednol etabonate 0.5% q4h 2.5/5/10mL >6 years C aminoglycoside/corticosteroid

Antivirals

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Famvir
PO G
famciclovir 500mg po tid x7d (zoster)
250mg po tid x7d (simplex)
125/250/500mg Not Established B guanine analogue
Valtrex
PO G
valcyclovir 1g po tid x7d (zoster)
500mg po tid (simplex)
500mg/1g >12 years B guanine analogue
Viroptic
G
trifluridine 1% q2h 24-48h, then qid 7.5mL >6 years C DNA synthesis interference
Zirgan ganciclovir 0.15% 5x/d, then tid x7d 5g (gel) >2 years C DNA synthesis interference
Zovirax
PO G
acyclovir 800mg po 5x/d x7d (zoster)
400mg po 5x/d x7d (simplex)
200/400/800mg >2 years B inhibits DNA polymerase

Cycloplegics

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Atropine
G
atropine sulfate (varying %s) qd-qid 5/10/15mL >3 months C anticholinergic
Cyclogyl
G
cyclopentolate 0.5/1/2% qd-bid 2/5/15mL >6 years C anticholinergic
Isopto Homatropine
G
homatropine 2/5% bid-qid 5mL >3 months C anticholinergic
Mydriacyl
G
tropicamide 0.5/1% qd 2/3/15mL Caution in children C parasympatholytic
Neo-Synephrine
G
phenylephrine 2.5/10% qd-tid 2.5/5/10mL >1 year C sympathomimetic
Paremyd
G
hydroxyamphetamine 1%/tropicamide 0.25% qd 15mL Not Established C sympathomimetic/parasympatholytic

Dry Eye

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Cequa cyclosporine 0.09% bid 60 vial box >18 years C immunomodulator
Eysuvis loteprednol 0.25% qid (up to 14d) 8.3mL Not Established C ester based corticosteroid
Restasis
G
cyclosporine 0.05% bid 30/60 vial tray
5.5mL in 10mL bottle
>16 years C immunomodulator
Tyrvaya varenicline 0.03mg bid 4.2mL spray Not Established NA nicotinic acetylcholine agonist/α-7 agonist
Xiidra lifitegrast 5% bid 60 vial carton >17 years NA LFA-1 antagonist

Glaucoma

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Alphagan P
G*
brimonidine 0.1/0.15/0.2*% tid 5/10/15mL >2 years B α-2 agonist
↓ aqueous production, ↑ outflow
Azopt
G
brinzolamide 1% tid 5/10/15mL Not Established C carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
↓ aqueous production
Combigan
G
brimonidine 0.2%/timolol 0.5% bid 5/10/15mL >2 years C α-2 agonist/β blocker
↓ aqueous production, ↑ outflow
Cosopt
G
dorzolamide 2%/timolol 0.5% bid 5/10mL >2 years C carbonic anhydrase inhibitor/β blocker
↓ aqueous production
Diamox
PO G
acetazolamide 500mg po bid 125/250mg,
500mg ("Sequels")
>12 years C carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
↓ aqueous production
Isopto Carpine
G
pilocarpine 1/2/4% qd-qid 15mL >2 years C cholinergic agonist
↑ outflow
Lumigan
G*
bimatoprost 0.01/0.03*% qhs 2.5/5/7.5mL >16 years C prostaglandin analogue
↑ outflow
Rhopressa netarsudil 0.02% qhs 2.5mL Not Established NA Rho kinase inhibitor
↑ outflow
Rocklatan netarsudil 0.02%/latanoprost 0.005% qhs 2.5mL Not Established NA Rho kinase inhibitor/prostagladin analogue
↑ outflow
Simbrinza brimonidine 0.2%/brinzolamide 1% tid 8mL >2 years C α-2 agonist/carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
↓ aqueous production, ↑ outflow
Timoptic
G
timolol maleate 0.25/0.5% bid 5/10/15mL >2 years C β blocker
↓ aqueous production
Travatan Z
G
travoprost 0.004% qhs 2.5/5mL >16 years C prostagladin analogue
↑ outflow
Trusopt
G
dorzolamide 2% bid-tid 5/10mL >2 years C carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
↓ aqueous production
Vyzulta latanoprostene bunod 0.024% qhs 5mL >16 years NA prostagladin analogue
↑ outflow
Xalatan
G
latanoprost 0.005% qhs 2.5mL Not Established C prostagladin analogue
↑ outflow
Xelpros latanoprost 0.005% (BAK free) qhs 2.5mL Not Established C prostagladin analogue
↑ outflow
Zioptan tafluprost 0.0015% qhs 30/90 pack Not Recommended C prostagladin analogue
↑ outflow

NSAIDs

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Acular
G
ketorolac 0.5%
(*0.4% Acular LS)
qid 5mL >2 years C COX inhibitor
Bromday
G
bromfenac 0.09% qd 1.7/2.5/5mL >18 years C COX inhibitor
Bromsite bromfenac 0.075% bid 5mL >18 years C COX inhibitor
Ilevro nepafenac 0.3% qd+ 1.7mL >10 years C COX inhibitor
Nevanac nepafenac 0.1% tid 3mL >10 years C COX inhibitor
Prolensa bromfenac 0.07% qd 1.6/3mL >18 years C COX inhibitor
Voltaren
G
diclofenac 0.1% qid 2.5/5mL Not Established C COX inhibitor

Orals

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class / Mechanism
Amoxil
PO G
amoxicillin 500mg po bid-tid x10d 250/500/875mg >3 months B penicillin
Augmentin
PO G
amoxicillin/clavulanate 250-500mg po bid-tid x10d 250/500/875mg >3 months B penicillin/β-lactamase inhibitor
Diamox
PO G
acetazolamide 500mg po bid 125/250mg,
500mg ("Sequels")
>12 years C carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
↓ aqueous production
Diclocil
PO G
dicloxacillin 250mg po qid 250/500mg >3 months B penicillin
Famvir
PO G
famciclovir 500mg po tid x 7d (zoster)
250mg po tid x 7d (simplex)
125/250/500mg Not Established B guanine analogue
Keflex
PO G
cephalexin 1-4g/d po 250/500/750mg >1 year B cephalosporin
Tylenol #3
PO G
acetominophen 300mg/codeine 30mg q4-6h single tablet >18 years C analgesic/narcotic
(Schedule III)
Ultracet
PO G
acetominophen 325mg/tramadol 37.5mg q4-6h (max 8 tabs/d) single tablet >12 years C analgesic/narcotic
(Schedule IV)
Ultram
PO G
tramadol hydrochloride q4-6h (max 400mg/d) 50mg >18 years C narcotic
(Schedule IV)
Valtrex
PO G
valcyclovir 1g po tid x7d (zoster)
500mg po tid (simplex)
500mg/1g >12 years B guanine analogue
Vibramycin
PO G
doxycycline 100mg po bid x7d 50/100mg >8 years D tetracycline
Vicodin
PO G
acetominophen 300mg/hydrocodone 5mg q4-6h (max 12 tabs/d) single tablet Not Established C narcotic
(Schedule II)
Zovirax
PO G
acyclovir 800mg po 5x/d x7d (zoster)
400mg po 5x/d x7d (simplex)
200/400/800mg >2 years B inhibits DNA polymerase
Z-Pak
PO G
azithromycin bid po x1d, then qd po x4d 250mg x6,
250/500/600mg
>6 months B macrolide

Other

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Latisse
G
bimatoprost 0.03% qd 3mL (70 applicators) /
5mL (140 applicators)
Not Established C prostagladin analogue
Lumify
OTC
brimonidine 0.025% qd-qid 2.5/7.5mL >5 years B α-2 agonist
Muro-128
OTC G
sodium chloride 5% q3-4h 15/30mL (gtt)
3.5/7g (ung)
Not Established C hyperosmotic
Natacyn natamycin 5% q1-2h x3d,
then q3-4h x14-21d
15mL Not Established NA antifungal
Upneeq oxymetazoline 0.1% qd 30 vial carton >13 years NA α-adrenergic agonist
Vuity pilocarpine 1.25% qd 2.5mL NA NA cholinergic muscarinic agonist

Pain

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class/Mechanism
Tylenol #3
PO G
acetominophen 300mg/codeine 30mg q4-6h single tablet >18 years C analgesic/narcotic
(Schedule III)
Ultracet
PO G
acetominophen 325mg/tramadol 37.5mg q4-6h (max 8 tabs/d) single tablet >12 years C analgesic/narcotic
(Schedule IV)
Ultram
PO G
tramadol hydrochloride q4-6h (max 400mg/d) 50mg >18 years C narcotic
(Schedule IV)
Vicodin
PO G
acetominophen 300mg/hydrocodone 5mg q4-6h (max 12 tabs/d) single tablet Not Established C narcotic
(Schedule II)

Steroids

Brand Generic Dosing Amount Ages Pregnancy Class / Mechanism
Alrex loteprednol 0.2% qid 5/10mL Not Established C ester based corticosteroid
Durezol
G
difluprednate 0.05% qid, taper 5mL Not Established C difluorinated corticosteroid
FML
G
fluorometholone 0.1% bid-qid 5/10/15mL (gtt),
3.5g (ung)
>2 years C ketone based corticosteroid
Inveltys loteprednol 1% bid x14d 2.8mL Not Established C ester based corticosteroid
Lotemax
G
loteprednol 0.5%
(*0.38% Lotemax SM)
qid 2.5/5/10/15mL (gtt)
3.5g (ung)
5mL (gel)
Not Established C ester based corticosteroid
Pred Forte
G
prednisolone acetate 1% bid-qid, taper 5/10/15mL >1 month C ketone based corticosteroid